January 8, 1999

Non-Orthodox leaders in U.S. `running out
of patience'


Jewish Telegraphic Agency

NEW YORK --Exhorting 3 million constituents to fight legislative moves to solidify the Orthodox
monopoly over religious affairs in Israel, leaders of America's Conservative and Reform Jews have
called for a massive lobbying and media campaign.

"If those in power in Israel wish to spit in our eye, they must expect there will be a reaction," Stephen
Wolnek, president of the United Synagogue of Conservative Judaism, said at a press conference
here Tuesday.

"Our tolerance and patience certainly has an end."

Rabbi Eric Yoffie, president of the Union of American Hebrew Congregations, said Israel's
Orthodox rabbinate "can't thumb their noses in the face of our Judaism and expect that we will not

Using rhetoric as sharp as a well-honed knife, leaders of the two movements called on their
followers specifically to mount a campaign to block the adoption of two bills currently under
consideration by the Israeli Knesset.

One would cement sole Orthodox control over conversions to Judaism performed in Israel; the other
would require all members of municipal Israeli religious councils to conform to Orthodox levels of
ritual observance.

The legislative maneuvers are a reaction to recent court decisions that have for the first time given the
Reform and Conservative movements a say over certain Jewish religious affairs in Israel.

The status of both bills is changing daily, with some forces pushing for speedy adoption, to blunt the
effect of the recent court rulings and other forces trying to put off the legislation till after the May 17
Israeli national elections.

Those politicians seeking a delay are concerned that the issue will have an impact on the elections,
and could open a gaping new rift in Israeli-diaspora relations.

But the head of the Reform movement expressed frustration with continuing efforts to postpone the
final conflict over recognizing the legitimacy of non-Orthodox movements in Israel.

Meanwhile, the Reform movement placed an advertisement on the op-ed page of the New York
Times on Tuesday. It read: "Religious fundamentalists in Israel are again threatening to redefine `Who
is a Jew?' We must not let them."

Adoption of the laws "will cause irreparable harm to the unity of the Jewish people," it warned.

Although the ad was placed only by the Reform movement, leaders of the Conservative movement
said at the news conference that they, too, support what it says.

At the news conference, both movements asked their constituents, who represent about 85 percent
of synagogue-affiliated American Jews, to communicate their displeasure over the legislative efforts
to Israeli lawmakers and those who can influence them.

Specifically, they urged their followers to:

*Lobby members of Knesset with e-mails and phone calls.

*Contact Israeli consulates, along with local Jewish and secular media.

*Withhold money from "any person or organization that cannot state to your satisfaction that they
support pluralism, and that they have respect for Reform and Conservative Judaism."

*Contact leaders of their local Jewish federations, which raise funds for programs in Israel, asking
them "to caution Israeli policy-makers about the dangers of passage of any religious legislation."

"It would be helpful if local federations were to come out with public statements" in favor of
pluralism, said an "Action Alert" sent out to the leadership of every Reform congregation.

UJA Federations of North America, the new federation umbrella group, is taking a proactive role in
the current round of the pluralism debate.

Last week it distributed a brief statement to its lay and professional leaders, saying that the
organization "urges Israeli leadership and members of Knesset to oppose the bill" that would exclude
non-Orthodox Jews from religious councils.

Federation leaders also sent a letter to about 40 members of the Knesset last week asking them "to
consider what impact the legislation might have between Israel and American Jewry," said Jay
Yoskowitz, executive vice president of the Council of Jewish Federations, one of the main
constituents of the new umbrella group.

Those members of Knesset who got the letter, including some from the Orthodox political parties,
had visited American Jewish communities to witness federation activities within the last year,
Yoskowitz said.

In the past, federation leaders have voiced concern that the pluralism crisis would have a severe
negative impact on fund-raising for Israel. According to the executive of one major federation,
however, the actual impact of the crisis on fund-raising has been minimal.

"This honestly is not an enormous concern," said Barry Shrage, president of the Combined Jewish
Philanthropies of Greater Boston.

While that federation is very concerned about the emotional impact that the proposed legislation
would have on Jews' sense of unity, he said, "almost the last thing we're concerned about is whether
this will harm the campaign."

Shrage and Yoskowitz, along with the executive directors of several other metropolitan Jewish
federations, met with Yoffie and Rabbi Jerome Epstein, executive vice president of the United
Synagogue of Conservative Judaism, immediately after the movements' news conference Tuesday.

They have been meeting periodically in recent months to discuss ways to enhance cooperation
between federations and synagogues in the local communities.

The Orthodox Union, which represents about 1,000 synagogues with about 600,000 members, is
unhappy that UJA Federations is getting involved with the pluralism issue.

"We feel they've overstepped their bounds," said Mandell Ganchrow, the O.U. president. "Their job
is to be a charity, and not to be involved in the activities and political desires of any of the streams."

For now, Ganchrow said, the O.U. is refraining from adding its voice to the debate because it
believes American Jewish organizations should let Israelis and their elected officials work out their
own issues.

At the same time, he said, "it's very hard for us to sit quietly when one party puts ads in the New
York Times. If we don't say anything to the government, then the perception that the Reform and
Conservative movements speak for American Jewry is allowed to stand."